Thursday, March 23, 2017

New pressure and temperature sensor for composite moulding.

A novel, combined low pressure and high temperature sensor specifically to support new, automated resin transfer (RTM) and wet moulding composite manufacturing methods has been intrioduced by Kistler Instruments.
For some years the aerospace industry has been using composite materials to save weight without compromising strength but now the automotive industry is rapidly catching up in the quest for lower fuel consumption and emissions. Unlike the aerospace sector where a relatively few, large items can be produced by expensive, labour intensive methods, the automotive sector needs to produce large quantities of much smaller components cost effectively. The techniques used for high volume composite production demand monitoring and control similar to conventional injection moulding to ensure consistent, high quality output. With its long experience of developing systems and components for the injection moulding industry, Kistler Instruments is ideally placed to provide the process monitoring systems needed by low pressure composite moulding techniques.

Much like injection moulding and other filling processes, the cavity pressure curve is a key factor in process optimization and production monitoring. Characteristic process phases such as evacuation, filling and curing can easily be identified from the pressure curve allowing process parameters to be easily optimized to make production more cost-effective.

The pressure signal can also be used as a control variable for individual process steps for online process control. Anomalies in the pressure curve show whether defects can be expected in the final part which, if out of tolerance, can be ejected. The pressure signal is also captured and recorded to allow traceability of individual process steps. For these reasons, the pressure curve is an essential tool for quality assurance. Due to the much lower cavity pressure experienced in composite moulding systems, the cavity pressure sensor needs to measure low pressure with high resolution to reliably detect even the smallest pressure or vacuum changes. The new Type 4001A sensor meets all of these demands plus the integrated temperature element, accurate up to 275°C, monitors the temperature conditions inside the mould allowing automatic temperature compensation to correct the pressure signal due to thermal changes during the process.

The new Type 4001A low pressure and high temperature sensor is a vital addition to Kistler Instrument’s range of sensors and systems specifically tailored to optimize and automate manufacturing processes, including related quality assurance requirements.

 #Kistler #Pauto

Enhanced integrated production control system.

An enhanced version of Yokogawa's CENTUM® VP integrated production control system has been released. The enhancements in this latest release, R6.04, include a new input/output (IO) module that will give Yokogawa end users a greater range of choices.

Control systems rely on field IO devices to transfer data to and from field instruments such as sensors and valves in order to automate the control of plant facilities. CENTUM VP’s N-IO (Network-IO) is one such field IO device. As the universal IO module originally developed for the N-IO device can handle a wide variety of IO signal types, it is easy to install different types of sensors when constructing a new plant or renovating an existing facility; this saves significant time and effort, and makes it possible to complete such projects much sooner. There are cases, however, when users may wish to add sensors that do not require this versatile capability. For just such a need, Yokogawa has added to its N-IO lineup a new low-cost IO device that handles only digital signals.

1. New IO module
As the latest control systems often primarily use digital signals, a new, low-cost IO module that handles only digital signals has been added to the N-IO lineup. To accommodate both analog and digital signals, it can be used in combination with the universal IO module. In this way, the cost of a plant construction or expansion project can be reduced.
In addition, a signal conversion function is included in the new IO module’s adaptor. With the universal IO module, a dedicated signal conversion board is required to directly receive signals from a field instrument such as a temperature sensor. The incorporation of this function in the new IO module eliminates the need for this hardware.

2. Windows 10
This latest CENTUM version uses Microsoft Windows 10 Enterprise, the optimum OS for control systems. Based on its Long-Term Servicing Branch (LTSB) service model, Microsoft provides five years of extended support in addition to the standard five years of mainstream support (free-of-charge support that includes security patch updates), thus enabling a 10-year product lifecycle. By such means, Yokogawa continues to optimize its systems and, in turn, ensures stable long-term performance.

3. Ring network topology
CENTUM VP’s Vnet/IP® is a control network originally developed by Yokogawa and features high reliability and quick response. CENTUM VP’s Vnet/IP® real-time control bus uses the star topology, in which all devices are connected to a central hub. This latest CENTUM version also allows the use of a ring topology, in which devices are connected to each other in the form of a ring. With this feature, more flexible networks can be configured to satisfy customer needs.

Major Target Markets include process industries such as oil and natural gas, petrochemicals, chemicals, electric power, pulp and paper, pharmaceuticals, foods, iron and steel, and water and wastewater in the operation, monitoring, and automatic control of plants.

@YokogawaIA #PAuto

Massive MIMO trials for 5G wireless.

National Instruments (NI) has joined the quest for highly efficient 5G wireless connectivity and has been given a boost thanks to a collaboration between a team of 5G engineers from the Universities of Bristol and Lund, NI and BT, one of the world’s leading providers of communications services. The research team has undertaken field trials of a massive MIMO system at the BT Labs in Adastral Park, Suffolk. The trials were conducted in a large indoor hall mimicking a stadium environment and outdoors within the Adastral Park campus.

The goals were to test massive MIMO spatial multiplexing indoors and improve the understanding of massive MIMO radio channels under mobile conditions with untethered devices. While carrying out these field experiments, the team obtained promising results indicating that this technology could offer spectrum efficiency figures in excess of the 100 bits/s/Hz mark, improving upon the capacity of today’s long term evolution (LTE) systems by ten times.

It is expected that techniques such as massive MIMO, which offers full spatial multiplexing – where multiple data streams are transmitted at the same time and on the same radio channel will become a crucial part of future 5G networks; the next generation of mobile technology.

The research team, consisting of five PhD students from Bristol’s EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Communications and a researcher from Lund University, under the leadership of Professor Mark Beach, worked with the BT research team, led by Ian Mings, to assess the performance of a 128 element Massive MIMO system operating at 3.5 GHz at BT’s Adastral Park campus.

Initial experiments took place in BT’s large exhibition hall and used 12 streams in a single 20MHz channel to show the real-time transmission and simultaneous reception of ten unique video streams, plus two other spatial channels demonstrating the full richness of spatial multiplexing supported by the system.

The system was also shown to support the simultaneous transmission of 24 user streams operating with 64QAM on the same radio channel with all modems synchronising over-the-air. It is believed that this is the first time such an experiment has been conducted with truly un-tethered devices, from which the team were able to infer a spectrum efficiency of just less than 100bit/s/Hz and a sum rate capacity of circa two Gbits/s in this single 20MHz wide channel.

In addition to the indoor trials, a series of outdoor experiments were conducted with the array at a height of around 20 metres. This enabled far field array characterisation, multi-element handset performance as well as experiments to improve the understanding of the massive MIMO radio channel under mobile conditions to be carried out.

Mark Beach, Professor of Radio Systems Engineering in the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering and Manager of the EPSRC CDT in Communications, explained: “We are delighted to be collaborating with BT.  Massive MIMO is a key technology for 5G and the research team’s achievements last year with massive MIMO arrays, which are cellular base stations with more than 100 antennas, demonstrates that this technology could deliver ultra-fast data rates to high densities of smartphones and tablets.”

Professor Tim Whitley, Managing Director, Research and Innovation at BT, added: “The BT Labs have a long history of pioneering wireless research, and with the acquisition of EE, we’re excited to once again be at the forefront of mobile technology development. Massive MIMO has the potential to significantly boost available data rates in future 5G mobile networks, and we’re pleased to be able to explore that potential with leading academics in the field at the University of Bristol.”

The experimental system uses the same flexible SDR platform from NI that leading wireless researchers in industry and academia are using to define 5G.  To achieve accurate, real-time performance, the researchers took full advantage of the system’s FPGAs using LabVIEW Communications System Design and the recently announced NI MIMO Application Framework. As lead users, both the Universities of Bristol and Lund worked closely with NI to implement, test and debug this framework prior to its product release. It now provides the ideal foundations for the rapid development, optimization and evaluation of algorithms and techniques for massive MIMO.

The state-of-the-art platform was made possible thanks to hardware provided by Bristol Is Open, a joint venture between the University and Bristol City Council that aims to make Bristol the first open programmable city in the world. Spectrum and power efficient wireless communications are core to Bristol University’s Communication Systems and Networks (CSN) Group and the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT in Communications as well as to the Department of Electrical and Information Technology at Lund University. The researchers are now processing the data sets and aim to publish their findings in leading journals in the near future as well as adding enhancements to the system in preparation for further trials.

@niukie #Wireless

Gas detection company opens in France.

Ion Science new office in France, will be the company’s third office in Europe and fourth worldwide, all supported by a global distributor network. Headed up by current France and Africa Territory Manager, Xavier Zinsch, the new facility will help strengthen the company’s position in the French petrochemical, biochemistry and oil and gas industries.

Xavier Zinsch
“Setting up the French office will enable us to better serve our customers and partners across France and the French speaking world. It is excellent opportunity for me and the business, and it is a great privilege to be given the chance to expand the French speaking market, ” commented Xavier Zinsch.

Duncan Johns, Ion Science Managing Director added, “As the number of customers increases in the European region, establishing an office in France has always been an important strategic move for us. Having traditionally sold through distributors, we are confident it will enable us to offer an even better service and further penetrate our target markets. We will be focusing our business development efforts in this area in the months ahead.

“Opening the French office underlines our commitment to extending our geographic reach to match the needs of the global petrochemical and oil and gas industries in particular.”

• The new office will be located at 41 Rue de Etoiles, 83240 Cavalaire-sur-Mer, France, Tel: +33 6 13 50 55 35.

@ionscience #PAuto #France

Automation group appoints a new CEO for America.

Shuji Mori, a company veteran who has been with Yokogawa for nearly three decades, has been appointed Chief Executive Officer of Yokogawa Corporation of America. In the role of CEO, He will be responsible for all day-to-day business operations in North America.

Shuji Mori
Mr. Mori began his career as an engineer, helping implement systems projects for Yokogawa customers all over the world. Over the years he has held a variety of roles throughout the company, most notably in global major account sales, and has acquired extensive experience in the global industrial automation market.

“The North American market is changing rapidly, and Yokogawa Corporation of America has huge growth potential in this strategically important region,” said Takashi Nishijima, President and CEO of Yokogawa Electric Corporation. “I am very confident that Yokogawa Corporation of America will become a stronger organization under his leadership and continue to focus on building a brighter future by creating value with our customers.”

“At the end of the day, all successful business is based on personal trust. We always aim to understand our customers first – their business goals, the challenges they face, and how their companies operate,” said Mr. Mori. “I will make every effort to ensure Yokogawa’s day-to-day operations in North America remain focused on generating new value with our customers and driving the growth of their businesses.”

@YokogawaIA  #PAuto 

Alliance creates industry's first complete solution for optimising crude blending operations.

The industry’s first complete blending solution that includes online crude characterisation has just been announced by Emerson and TopNIR Systems. This same technology is also used to improve performance in the product blending area of the refinery.

To remain competitive and profitable, refiners are increasingly challenged to work with opportunity crudes that provide a cheaper feedstock, but are more challenging to process. With the Emerson/TopNIR integrated blending solution, operators can confidently exploit the profitability opportunity of a wider array of different crudes by providing hydrocarbon property data in real-time that helps identify the potential value content in each crude stream.

Faster access to property data allows Emerson’s model predictive control (MPC) to modify and optimise crude stream mixtures while capturing product value during distillation. Asset monitoring applications minimise the impact of opportunity crudes on process units. These capabilities are a part of Emerson’s broad portfolio of automation technologies that help refiners optimise production, minimise downtime, and ensure that their operations are more agile.

“Downstream producers can tap the power of complete solutions for both crude and product blending operations that are designed, sold, installed, and serviced by a single supplier - all with support from Emerson’s global network of experts, consultants, and service technicians,” said Marcelo Carugo, global director of refining and chemical at Emerson.

TopNIR holds over 30 patents associated with near-infrared spectroscopy systems. One of these, Topological Near-Infrared Modelling, is a form of non-parametric modelling. TopNIR’s proprietary software can measure multiple properties of hydrocarbon streams faster than any other solution on the market today. This not only provides results well within ASTM repeatability and reproducibility standards quicker than other mathematical models, but it also adapts easily to operational changes and allows for a smaller maintenance footprint.

“TopNIR fits perfectly with Emerson’s advanced process control solutions by delivering full on-line analysis of any hydrocarbon stream in less than one minute, allowing real-time optimisation and superior quality control,” said Didier Lambert, CEO of TopNIR Systems.

In addition to improving crude blending performance, customers will now be able to streamline their operations on the fuel blending side of the refinery. The Emerson/TopNIR blending solution allows refiners to more easily test and adjust the characteristics of each blend to avoid touch-up blends that can result in millions of dollars in product quality giveaway each year. Refiners will also be able to minimise inventory and tankage costs, and ensure compliance with the latest global clean-fuel emissions regulations taking effect over the coming years.

@EMR_Automation #PAuto @Emerson_News @Topnir

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Transmitter for moisture in oil.

The EE360 moisture in oil transmitter from E+E Elektronik is dedicated for reliable monitoring of lubrication, hydraulic and insulation oils as well as diesel fuel. The device measures water activity and temperature, and calculates the absolute water content of the oil. The probe can be employed up to 180 °C (356 °F) and 20 bar (290 psi). The colour display shows actual as well as logged measured data.

The well proven E+E sensing technology ensure highly accurate measurement of water activity (aw) and temperature (T). Based on the measured values and on oil-specific parameters, the EE360 calculates the absolute water content (x) in ppm.

On the 3.5"TFT colour display all three physical quantities can be read simultaneously. The integrated data logger stores 20,000 values per measurand, which can be shown as graph on the display. This means that, beside current data, the user can keep an eye on the oil condition trend.

The stainless steel probe can be installed into the process with an ISO or NPT slide fitting, which facilitates the accurate control of the immersion depth. Using the optional ball valve, the probe can be mounted or removed even without process interruption. The pluggable probe version allows for easy installation and replacement.

The measured data is available on two analogue outputs or on the digital Modbus RTU interface. The configuration of the outputs as well as the humidity and temperature adjustment can be easily performed via display and push buttons. Extensive error information and diagnosis are available on the display as well as via status LEDs and acoustic warnings. Two optional relay outputs can be used for alarm or control purposes.

Comfortable setup and adjustment of the EE360 is also possible with a computer and the free EE-PCS configuration software. The USB service interface is used as well to download logged data and perform firmware updates.

The modular IP65 enclosure facilitates mounting and maintenance of the transmitter. The evaluation unit, which accommodates the electronics and the probe, can be replaced within seconds, while the wiring remains untouched. The material of the enclosure is approved according to UL94-V0.

• E+E Elektronik products are marketed in Ireland by Instrument Technology.

#EplusE #PAuto